Arts and Humanities

Pride Goeth Before a Fall

The character of Satan in John Milton’s Paradise Lost is a subject of heavy debate among Milton scholars. Some, like C.S. Lewis, believe that Satan is a villain through and through, and any sympathy towards him shows the reader to be an atheist, or at the very least, not firmly Christian. Others, like William Blake, claim that Milton was “of the devil’s party without knowing it,” and consider Satan to be a tragic hero rather than a villain (Blake 88).


Listen, Play, Speak: Creative Approaches to Jazz in the Twenty First Century

The new in music represents mystery, or the other. The Christian tradition, especially the Eastern mystic tradition, has known for a long time that our sensory perceptions are less objective than science would like to assume. Embodied knowledge and experience occupies an important part of the process of exploring and understanding complex ideas in the world. This is one reason why the incorporation of art, music, movement and incense is vital to the Orthodox and Catholic liturgies. They are able to express the unknowable and the otherness of God through an embodied and communal experience.


Two Times of the Same Story: Comparable Themes in 17th Century Poetry and 21st Century Rap Music

In the study of literature, we look to poets to communicate to us by putting the “best words in their best order,” as stated by Samuel Taylor Coleridge. The rhythm of poetry transcends music, and even the simple rhythm of reading poetry aloud presents a musicality without needing the help of instruments.


The Liquidation of the Individual: Adorno, the Carpenters, and Maroon 5

Theodor Adorno, a leading proponent of the Frankfurt School, focuses a large portion of
his writing on critical theory, and in terms of aesthetics, Adorno searches for the “social
significance,” the social effects and the social content, within the art form (Brown “Adorno’s
Critique” 18). Adorno was able to look specifically at the popular culture of art in America, as he
was forced to move there while in exile between 1935 and 1955. During these years, his work on
aesthetics seemed to focus on three main concerns:

Selective Hearing – Ear Training in Academia

When people train, they work to get better at something in order to achieve a goal within
a specific system. Within the academic world, listening is taught through means of an ear
“training” class. Ear training class does not necessarily mean that students will be listening,
but rather students will be training to hear correctly within a system. In these classes across
universities, students learn to identify several things within tonal and even non-tonal

Compelled to Create: Barfield, Collective Consciousness, and Orpheus

Philosopher, poet, and author Owen Barfield may be referred to as the “first and last inkling” (

Kripkenstein: The Patriarchy Is a Language Game

This paper will dedicate itself to understanding the way that language functions in relation to the human condition. Ludwig Wittgenstein’s Philosophical Investigations and Saul Kripke’s Wittgenstein on Rules and Private Language will serve as the structure for this paper so that I may develop a sustained conversation about Wittgenstein’s language games, the nature of rule following within those games, and

Probability and Truth In Aristotle’s Doctrine of the Enthymeme

ABSTRACT In Aristotle’s The “Art” of Rheoric, the basis of rhetoric is the enthymeme and the heart of the enthymeme is a Greek word, endoxa []. This essay suggests a new consideration of the word as meaning “that which is most probably true” instead of “probability.” The difference in meaning has significant implications in our discipline’s understanding of the enthymeme and its role in persuasion.



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